Dietary Fiber: Management of Diverticular Disease

Dietary Fiber: Management of Diverticular Disease

Current literature with almost no exception advocates a high fiber diet as the best and most effective way for the prevention or management of diverticular disease. Fiber is the part of plant foods that is indigestible and assists in bulking stool with roughage to help it passing through the intestine for regular movements of the bowel.

There are two types of fiber generally consumed in the diet, insoluble fiber and soluble, both of which helps in creating soft well formed stool and prevent the risk of constipation and other colon and bowel disease
1) Soluble fiber: it dissolves in water easily and forms a soft texture bulk in the colon. This is the body’s primary way of creating bulky soft stools.
2) Insoluble fiber: This type passes through the intestinal tract just about unchanged.

As plant fibrous material is passing through the intestinal tract, water, carbohydrates, protein, fats and essential nutrients removal takes place. In the colon, mostly all that remains is water and little other matter. The colon removes this remaining water and mater, thus forming stools with the help of fiber..

If individual consumes insufficient quantities of fiber rich foods, a hard and dry stool is created that is difficult to move through. In such a case having a bowel motion through needs a higher degree of pressure. Diverticular disease are established over time when the physical structure of an area in the colon becomes incapable of sustaining high levels of pressure; starts to depend on the muscular force of the abdomen to help force stool motion through the bowel. Such an experience is called straining, and over time it results in diverticular disease and inflammation

On the contrary, diets that contain adequate fiber end forming a bulkier, softer and easily moved stool without straining. With sufficient amount of both types of fiber in your daily diet prevention of diverticular disease occurrence is possible as it is the management of preexisting diverticular disease by simply reducing the straining force

The current general recommendations for daily fiber ingestion for the prevention or management of diverticular disease are:

·25g of fiber for adult women and

·30g of fiber for adult men per day.

·28g of fiber for pregnant women and

·25 -30g for breastfeeding women per day

An additional need in the formation of bulky soft stool is sufficient intake of fluid. This ensures that the stool holds enough water to stay soft and that enough mucus is produced in the bowel. Secretion of mucous helps the easy passing of stool through rather than adhering on the colon wall. Lack of dietary fiber is a primary cause of chronic constipation and diverticular disease. In most cases, a diet high in fiber is beneficial in relieving the symptoms.

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Tag: Gastro Intestinal Health

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